Thank you, Nevada!

Thank you to everyone who came out and supported our Celtic Celebration this last weekend. Your feedback is truly important to us. Please consider filling out our post event survey.

We had a great event this year, below are some thoughts and a few pictures I snapped with my phone. There will be much, much, much more to come =)

What a weekend! Truly. What an amazing, crazy, exhausting, stress-filled, beautiful, heartening, joy-filled, roller coaster weekend of awesome!

First, I have to tell you that driving across the bridge Saturday morning to get in to the park and hearing the wail of bagpipes as I entered the park was out-of-this-world. This was the first time ever that our Celebration has hosted a full bag piping BAND competition! We started small, but I think everyone had a good time, and it was a site to behold, let me tell you. Here’s a shot of the mass bands on Saturday:


We were able to have Highland Athletics again, in a new location this year, and that also went very well. There the Athletes are, receiving their standings and awards Saturday afternoon:


The World Birds of Prey were so incredibly awesome! Having these majestic birds at our event always enhances it, and I believe this to be the start of a beautiful partnership with them. Next year we hope to offer a full show with these fascinating birds. Much thanks to Matt for bringing the birds, and for my impromptu photo shoot with one of the birds:


Finally, this is a picture of some members of our board, but all members of our community. This was the final crew that was on-site Monday making sure the park got cleaned and all was well and everything was stored and put away until next year. These are hard-working and awesome people!


From left to right are Verla Jackson (Treasurer), Mike Gilmore (partner to Jayde and incredible fighter and MC), Jayde Gilmore (Living History Director), Danielle Gann-Lind (President, Vendors, Web), Daniel Lind (behind – partner to Danielle, park cleanliness inspector and general man Friday and support), Kristen Hollis (Secretary), Willie Puchert (Vice-President, PR/Marketing/Outreach), Christopher Moreland (Volunteer Coordinator, Logistics). I could not be more proud to associate and work with a group of individuals.


THIS WEEK!! Can you feel the excitement?!?

We have amazing and exciting news!


Out of the blue the other day, early in the morning as I was getting ready for work, I got a phone call from “Matt”. He said a lady with three children had approached him at Street Vibrations, where they were vending and told him he should look in to being at the Celtic Celebration. He looked us up and gave me a call!

He told me he had a jewelry business called Mother Nature Jewelry and he was interested in having a booth.

Then he told me he had another business and it was called “World Birds of Prey”. If he was free, this meant maybe he could bring those too! He agreed! I am so excited about this! After last year, our prior Falconer chose not to come back and I had been lax on contacting others, but now there is potential to have a new relationship and still be able to offer exposure to Birds of Prey and Falconry to attendees of the Reno Celtic Celebration.

The history of Falconry dates back to 722 BC, and that history is no less rich in Celtic Cultures, familiar in Ireland and Scotland by the 7th Century.

We will also have the new Codfather Food truck, Starkeys Food Truck, and the All Wrapped Up Food Truck. Food trucks may not stay all day, so please keep them busy, because business means they hang around!

I’m so excited for this weekend! It’s tangible! Great things will happen!

Updates, oh my! Two weeks!

It’s only TWO SHORT WEEKS until the 25th Reno Celtic Celebration! Now is the time we need to REALLY get volunteers on board! If you’d like to be a part of this amazing and dynamic festival, if you volunteer for us for FOUR SHORT HOURS, you will be gifted lunch, a t-shirt, our eternal gratitude, and get to attend the other day of the festival for FREE!

Please see below to sign up:

Things are rolling quickly now…we’ve updated the main stage performers, and the schedule for this year!

We also have an AWESOME Groupon happening that’s essentially a 2-for-1 entrance to the event, check it out!

Check it out and we hope to see you soon!

The Reno Celtic Board

25th Annual Reno Celtic Celebration FULL PIPING COMPETITION!

Photo by Dana Nollsch

Photo by Dana Nollsch

I can’t even tell you how excited I am about this!

The Reno Celtic Celebration, in conjunction with the Western United States Pipe Band Association, is conducting a FULL PIPE BAND Competition for our 25th games!


Western United States Pipe Band Association Main Website 

If you (your band) are a member of the Association, registration can be completed here:

Western Nevada Pipe Band Association Reno Celtic Event Registration

Within the next few days, we will have hotel information posted for you all. We are excited to have folks come out in early October and see how beautiful Reno is in the early Fall and run a top-notch competition!

All the win!


Treasures of Edinburgh Castle…

Are you getting excited for the Celtic Celebration?!? I AM!!

This article was sent to me through an email newsletter I subscribe to, and having visited, I thought it was really a neat article. I contacted the author, and they gave me permission to share it with you all.

This article came from

Edinburgh Castle has dominated not only the skyline of the city but also the history of the nation. Being at the centre of the capital and of the Scottish Royal family has meant it has amassed a vast array of incredible treasures and artefacts over it’s long history. Let’s take a look at the most prominent of these fascinating and truly unique items…

The Honours of Scotland


Scotland’s Crown jewels, known as the Honours of Scotland, are the oldest surviving regalia in the British isles. They comprise of a jewel encrusted crown, an elaborate sword and sceptre, which date from the 15th and 16th centuries.


The Crown of Scotland in its present form dates from 1540 when James V ordered, the Edinburgh goldsmith, John Mosman to re-fashion the original crown.

The circlet at the base is made from Scottish gold and is encrusted with 22 gemstones, 20 precious stones(taken from the previous crown) and freshwater pearls from Scottish rivers. The 4 golden arches are ornamented with gold and red enamelled oak leaves. At the point the arches meet rests an orb of gold enamelled in blue and ornamented with gilt stars. This is surmounted by a large cross decorated in gold and black enamel with an amethyst in rectangular form in the centre. The upper and two sides of the cross are adorned in pearls.


The Sword of State of Scotland was a gift from Pope Julius II and was presented to James IV in 1507. The etched blade, measuring 4.5 feet in length, includes figures of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, as well as the etched name of Julius II. The silver gilt handle bears the figures of oak leaves and acorns. The sword was damaged in 1652, whilst being hidden from Cromwell’s troops(more on that to follow), as it had to be broken in two in order to be concealed.


The Sceptre of Scotland was also a Papal gift; presented by Pope Alexander to James IV in 1494, but remodelled and lengthened in 1536. It is made of Silver gilt and is topped by a finial with polished rock, possibly cairngorm, and a Scottish pearl. The Sceptre includes several Christian symbols; stylised dolphins, the Virgin Mary holding the baby Christ, Saint James the Great and Saint Andrew holding a Saltire cross.

The first time the Honours were ever used together was during the coronation of the infant Mary, Queen of Scots at Stirling Castle in 1543. They were used for several other crowning ceremonies including those for James IV in 1567, Charles I in 1633 and Charles II in 1651.

In 1649 Charles I, King of both England and Scotland was executed by Oliver Cromwell, the self-proclaimed Lord Protector. In 1650, his young son Charles II arrived in North East Scotland, and stayed a night in Dunnottar on his journey south to give battle for his fathers’ two kingdoms.

In England, on hearing of the young Kings arrival, Oliver Cromwell was so enraged that he ordered the invasion of Scotland. In some haste Charles II was crowned at Scone, but the “Honours of Scotland”, the crown and other regalia, could not be returned to Edinburgh Castle, as it had been taken by Cromwell’s army. Having already destroyed the English crown jewels, the Honours of Scotland were the most potent icon of monarchy, and as such were next on Cromwell’s list. Cromwell’s army was fast approaching, so Charles II ordered the Earl Marischal to take the Honours to Dunnottar and secure them there.

It was not long before Dunnottar was under siege, and a scratch, aged garrison of seventy men held out for eight months against the invading might of Cromwell’s army until heavy cannons arrived. Following ten days of heavy fire, surrender was made. This was not however before the Honours of Scotland were smuggled out of the Castle and taken to Kinneff Church, where they were buried in the Church.  They remained there undiscovered for eleven years, until the King returned to the throne in 1660 and the Honours were returned to Edinburgh Castle.

Following the restoration, they were used at sittings of the Scottish parliament to represent the absent Monarch, who was now a resident of London following the Union of the Crowns in 1603.

After the Treaty of the Union in 1707 removed Scotland’s parliament, the Honours of Scotland became somewhat redundant and as such were locked away within Edinburgh Castle. Here they lay literally forgotten for over one hundred years.

They came to light again in 1818 when, under great pressure from Sir Walter Scott, a thorough search of the Castle was initiated and they were found. From there they remained on public display within the castle since 1819 with only a few exceptions. In 1941 the Honours were hidden on final time, due to fears they would be destroyed or taken during a Nazi invasion. In 1953 they were taken out of hiding and presented to the newly crowned Queen Elizabeth II and then returned to their place within the crown room of Edinburgh castle.

In may 1999, the first sitting of the devolved Scottish parliament, October 2004, the opening of the Scottish parliament building, and at subsequent opening ceremonies of each new session of the Scottish parliament the Crown of Scotland has been present alongside the Monarch. Due to their age and condition the Sword and Sceptre are considered too delicate to be present alongside the Crown on such occasions.

The Stone of Destiny


The Stone of Destiny, or Stone of Scone, has been revered for centuries as a holy Scottish relic. It has been fought over by nations and used by the Dalriadic, Scottish, English and British Monarchs as an important part of their crowning ceremonies.

The origins of the stone, like many similar relics, have been lost to time but typically there are plenty of legends. One such legend suggests it was used as a pillow by Jacob in biblical times, and brought to Scotland in the 9th century. Other legends have suggested it originates either in Ireland or Scotland.

In 1292 John Balliol became the last King to be crowned on the Stone in Scotland, as it was captured by Edward I of England in 1296 and taken by him to Westminster Abbey in London. It remained under the coronation chair, on which the English and subsequently British sovereigns sit during their coronation, for the next 700 years. It was last used for a coronation by Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.

Some historians claim that the stone stolen by Edward I was a fake. By a cunning slight of hand the Scots actually handed over the cess-pit cover from Scone Castle rather than the real stone, which was hidden away. If true this means a long succession of English and British Monarchs have been crowned atop a medieval toilet seat cover.

To further complicate the authenticity of the Stone, it was stolen from Westminster Abbey in 1950, and driven north. It resurfaced 4 months later in Arbroath Abbey, draped in a Saltire, and was returned t Westminster. Although rumours have persisted that the returned Stone was in fact a copy to stop any search for the true Stone.

The Stone finally returned home to Scotland on St Andrews Day (30th November) in 1996, and was and still is housed in Edinburgh Castle alongside the Honours of Scotland. Historic Scotland examined the stone on its arrival and pronounced it was ‘probably’ the original Stone.

Mons Meg


Mons Meg is a medieval bombard that currently resides within Edinburgh Castle and is named for the town in Belgium in which she was forged around 1449. Mons Meg is the last survivor of two such enormous guns originally gifted to King James II by his uncle, Philip the Good, Duke of Normandy. The 15.366 pound, muzzle loading cannon is capable of firing gun-stones weighing 180kg nearly 2 miles. With a caliber(barrel diameter) of 20 inches/ 510mm it is the 7th largest cannon in the world by caliber.

It has been suggested that Meg was one of the armaments on James IV’s carrack the ‘Great Michael’, which would have made it the ship with the largest caliber gun in history.

Meg only saw action once against the English at Norham Castle on the river Tweed. In 1497 the castle was besieged for two weeks by an army led by James IV of Scotland. The siege included the use of artillery, including Meg, to try to breach the walls but the garrison was finally relieved by an English army. However due to her great weight it became impractical to drag around to battle and from around the 1540′s she retired from her military career and remained in Edinburgh Castle.

She was fired again in 1558, but not against an enemy, instead in celebration during the marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots to the Dauphin of France, Francis.


Her career came to an explosive end in 1681, firing her final shot during the birthday celebrations of the man who would later become King James VII of Scotland and II of England. During the shot the iron rings burst, and she has been silent ever since. An English canoneer had loaded the charge and many Scots believed that the damage was done on purpose out of jealousy, in the age old argument of which man has the bigger cannon. The incedent was also seen as a bad omen for the future King.

The gun remained within Edinburgh Castle until 1754, when, with other unused weapons in Scotland, she was taken to the Tower of London as a result of the disarming acts against the Jacobites.

Sir Walter Scott and others campaigned for her return, which was effected in 1829. She has now been restored and can be found outside of St Margaret’s Chapel for all to see.

The One o’clock Gun


The One o’clock Gun is fired from Edinburgh Castle Mills Mount Battery everyday, except for Sunday, Good Friday and Christmas day, and has been since the tradition began in 1861. The origin of this tradition lies in the days when sailing ships in the Firth of Forth needed to check and reset their chronometers in the days before accurate timepieces were available.

In 1852 Captain Wauchope, a Scottish naval officer in the Royal Navy, invented the timeball, which was installed and can still be found atop Nelson’s Monument on Calton Hill. The ball would drop at one o’clock giving the signal to sailors of the time. However the problem persisted that someone would be required on the ships to watch for the drop and it would not be visible during the foggy weather, known as the Haar,  which is a common occurrence within Edinburgh.

The time gun was introduced as a result in 1861, to act as an auditory signal for the ships, and could easily be heard in Leith harbour, over 2.5 miles away. A map was introduced in the same year, because sound travels relatively slowly, it was required to show the actual time the shot would be heard in different areas of Edinburgh and the Firth of Forth.

The original gun was an 18 pound muzzle-loading cannon, which required 4 men to load, and was fired from the Half Moon Battery. This was replaced in 1913 by a 32 pound breach loader and in 1952 by a 25 pound Howitzer. Ammunition, blanks of course, for this eventually became unavailable and a modern 105mm light gun has been used since September 2001.

The longest serving gunner, and somewhat of a celebraty among those that come to see the gun, is Staff Sergeant Thomas MacKay MBE, nicknamed ‘Tam the Gun’. He operated the gun from 1979 up until his retirement in 2005. In 2006, Jamie Shannon, also known as ‘Shannon the Cannon’ became the 29th District Gunner, and also in 2006 Bombardier Allison Jones became the first woman to fire the gun.

(in a separate post, I may share my own “haunted castle” story from Edinburgh Castle…)

Entertainment Announcement!

The Reno Celtic Celebration is proud to be able to say we have partnered with the     BlackEyed Dempseys as our Head Line act this year! We believe this will be their FIRST performance in Northern Nevada and we are excited for them to be here! They have played the Dixon Highland Games, Tartan Day in Fremont, CA, San Francisco St. Patrick’s Day Parade, Sonora Celtic Faire, Celtic Faerie Festival, Fair Oaks, CA, and many more. Read below to learn a bit about this dynamic group:


Name your band after one of the greatest fighters in Irish history and you’d better be prepared to crank out some musical fisticuffs and all bets are off showdowns.

That’s exactly what BlackEyed Dempseys do and why they are fast becoming a favorite in the Northern California music scene. Now they are bringing their punk-Irish-vision to ever increasing audiences.

BlackEyed Dempseys blend traditional Celtic playing skills with rock ‘n’ roll hooks. Their sound has the familiarity to be instantly recognizable. When you hear them you know it is the Dempseys. They are engaging, and appealing to fans of all ages. Their live shows bring a raucous energy that cannot be denied. The Dempseys are proud to say that they have fans in America, Ireland, Australia and World Wide!

Stage presence, brilliant arrangements, traditional tunes and original compositions is what BlackEyed Dempseys deliver each time they take the stage. Their distinctive sound and command of their instruments combined with the band’s enthusiasm and desire to connect with every member of the audience sets them apart.

The melodies of Mark Repking (banjo) and Keith Jukes (accordion); harmonies of Moe Crummet (guitar); the driving bass of Quinn Brentson and the rhythm of Josh Wagner’s drums meld with Jamie Hill’s bar hardened vocals and searing guitar to prompt a new look at Irish tradition.

Originally formed in 2008, BlackEyed Dempseys are one of the hottest, up and comers in California Celtic rock. Working class musicians from Northern California have come together to create and perform a brand new version of hard-edged, politically tinged songs of freedom and love to the alternative Celtic-rock music scene.

BlackEyed Dempsey’s connection with their audience is a palpable thing. They bridge the gap from traditional arrangements to Dempsey original songs with a take on Irish and Celtic music that is current and insightful. They bring their varied and powerful styles to the forefront of the current Irish-inspired music boon.

Jamie Hill started BlackEyed Dempseys and was looking for an accordion player. He met Keith Jukes at a Flogging Molly show. Keith’s dedication and desire to “be a Dempsey” took over and soon Keith and his accordion were an integral part of the band. Keith brings the traditional and new to a melting point with brilliant and insightful style.

At that same show Jamie met Moe Crummet. Moe would later join the band after a Dempsey show at the Powerhouse Pub. Moe left the cutting edge band “Shadowbox Theory” to play with the Dempseys. His driving rhythm guitar and stellar harmonies are hallmarks of the Dempsey sound.

The Irish banjo and mandolin is governed by Mark Repking. Listening to Mark play the banjo is a devil of a thing. His speed and skill is matched by his natural understanding of Irish melodies. Mark became a Dempsey after Keith introduced him to Jamie. One jam session and it was a done deal.

Josh Wagner is the drums. Another day job connection brought Josh to the band.  He drives the Dempseys from start to finish at every show. Josh brings a keen ear for arrangement and orchestration. His sound can be heard throughout the Dempseys songs.

Quinn Brentson is the most recent Dempsey. A classified ad found Quinn in Southern California and a little over a year later he was headed for Northern California and the Dempseys. Quinn boasts an impressive musical pedigree. He has worked in the studio with Michael Boddicker, keyboard artist with Michael Jackson, Earth, Wind and Fire, and Mariah Carey. He has also done studio work with Jim Fuller lead guitarist of the legendary So-Cal surf band, the Surfaris. Quinn is the deep and quiet man that produces the sonic landscape of bass guitar so much a foundation of BlackEyed Dempseys.

Jamie Hill’s work on guitar wows crowds. His ability to connect with an audience with hard driving songs and a sense of humor is a key. Jamie’s years playing the bar circuit gives him the straight ahead power and experience to sing the Dempseys songs and carry the message home. His skill on guitar is a mix between thunder and sweet rain.

Laura Winn, writes for the SF Examiner, “With a kilt-wearing accordion player center stage, this band was either going to be truly awesome or truly horrible. Within 30 seconds of their set, BlackEyed Dempseys had filled the dance floor with their “rebel Irish music” in the vein of Flogging Molly. This band is wicked cool… Lead by Jamie Hill on guitar and vocals, the band stole the show with a mix of covers by the likes of The Pogues and Flogging Molly and originals including their own pub anthem, which stood up to their great rendition of “What’s Left of the Flag.””

Eileen Wilson, for the Folsom Telegraph, “When feet are stomping, hands are clapping, and everyone is sporting a grin, you know a great band is on the stage. It’s no wonder audiences love the roaring yet rhythmic sounds that emanate from the six-member group… the band knows how to get a crowd going…Those who are familiar with bands like the BlackEyed Dempseys or Flogging Molly will know that traditional Irish music, with punk and rock vibes, can get an audience out of their seat and ready to rock. This isn’t a band that is meant to be watched, while quietly sipping a cocktail. This is a band that makes fans want to participate; to have a connection with the music; an exchange between audience and band members that will leave fans with an experience rather than a mere performance.”

Kelsey Perry, for the Sacramento Downtown Partnership/Concert in the Park series, BlackEyed Dempseys mix traditional and current Irish music with ramped-up Les Pauls, accordion and banjos screaming, and bass and drums driving like a train! Blending traditional Celtic music with rock ‘n’ roll hooks, BlackEyed Dempseys are engaging and have raucous energy that cannot be denied. BlackEyed Dempseys create a lively atmosphere for guests and perform with a contagious enthusiasm that surges through the crowd.

The All Hallows Fantasy Faire writes: BlackEyed Dempseys ~ a hair-raising performance!

Video from 2014

Wanted to take a moment and share this video from 2014:

Enjoy! We are hard at work on 2015, and looking forward to our 25th Celebration!

Stay tuned….more to come super soon!


Thank You, Northern Nevada!


Photo by Danielle Gann-Lind

Saturday morning dawned early and a tad chilly for the Reno Celtic Celebration. I took this snap of “Mac”, one of my favorite parts of the Celebration. Mac is such a trooper, people ogled him all weekend, tried to touch his horns, which he does NOT appreciate, and he just stood in front of the fan all weekend, allowing people to silently adore him =)

The Reno Celtic Celebration for 2014 was a great success! We want to thank everyone that came out for enjoying our celebration! We couldn’t have done it without people to be there. There were also A LOT of volunteer hours that went in to making this celebration happen!

Here’s a look at Clan Row as it appeared during the Festival:


Photo by Lowell Patton

Here’s vendor row:

Photo by Richard Bromley

Photo by Richard Bromley

Here were the British Cars that were featured:


Photo by Richard Bromley

Of course, the beautiful Blanchette Irish Dancers:

Photo by Blanchette Irish Dancers

Photo by Blanchette Irish Dancers


Here’s a photo of yours truly with one of our amazing documentarians, photographer Dana Nollsch, who’s photo’s will be posted as soon as we get them:

Photo by Danielle Gann-Lind

Photo by Danielle Gann-Lind

We believe that a good time was had by all. I want to take a moment to shout out to members of Clan Logan, who were our honors clan this year, after the passing this last year of Loran Logan, considered by many to be the “quintessential Scot”.

I also want to put a shout out to all the amazing and wonderful volunteers that helped make the Celebration happen. The board of directors, Chris Moreland as new board member and volunteer coordinator, Miriam Blanchette, also a new board member and in charge of the Dance Stage, Lowell Patton as Clan Coordinator, Mary Mingo, Animal Coordinator, Jim McLane treasurer and money guru, Jim Laughton for Pipe Bands and solo competition, Verla Jackson as the mistress of suds and hard-working board member, Katherine Coates as Heritage Coordinator, along with her assistan Merrilee Abea, and Mike Steedman, without whom many of the logistics of the event would not happen.

Now for the folks who do not hold a title, but were certainly present and gave their all for the Celtic Celebration to occur: The Navy Sea Cadets and Galena Junior ROTC helped out the Celtic Celebration this year. The Sea Cadets headed by Peggy and John Hannah with the help of LtJG Catheryne Sainz and Tony Sainz, and Galena JROTC headed by LTC Phil Telander, provided more than 40 volunteers over the course of the weekend that were some of the most polite, well-mannered young people I have ever met!

Scott Fallis, our chief of security, who along with his guards kept everyone safe, responded to any medical calls, and rolled with several curve balls that were thrown his way. Mike MacMillan, who worked lights at the dance stage and was a great addition and backup for Mike Steedman on logistics and did whatever was asked of him. He worked very hard over the weekend.

Our shift volunteers, many of whom have worked multiple years at the Celtic Celebration: Sparrow Malvino, Monty Hudson, Bruce and Laura Warren, Simon Warren, Erin McLelland, Erika Martinelli, Heather Edwards, Sharon Netherton, Mallorey English, Roger Solie, Alex Root, Joyce, Dylan, and Aero Strom, Bari Caine, and Joan Spellitich.

Our beer tent volunteers were: Jeff Mehoves, Chris Maier, Denise Goode, Theresa Moser, Crystel Montecinos, Kelly Heim, and Amanda Williams.

Please stay tuned….next year, in 2015, the Reno Celtic Celebration will commemorate it’s SILVER ANNIVERSARY, number 25! We hope and are making plans already for this to be the biggest and best Celebration yet! If you are interested in being a part of it, let us know! We could ALWAYS use more (energetic) help!

~Danielle on behalf of the CCI Board

Celtic Celebration a Proud Nevada 150 Event!


The Reno Celtic Celebration is proud, this year, to be recognized as one of Nevada’s celebration of 150 years of history! The above graphic appears in our program and showcases some of the amazing Nevadan’s of Celtic origin in our history. Special thanks to Ronald M. James for compilation of this information.


*Updated 10/1/14*

Thank you so much for participating in our advance ticket sales! 22 lucky people availed themselves of our discount and chance to save a little money and still attend the awesome that is the Celtic Celebration!

We thank you for the chance, and hope you will check back next year to get those tickets early!


CCI Board

Sorry folks, we got some feedback yesterday that the below links to PayPal were broken this weekend. We have fixed the issue, so please feel free to utilize our discount for buying tickets ahead of time!


CCI Management =)

This year, the Celtic Celebration is pleased to provide ONLINE TICKET SALES! Save 10% when you pre-purchase your tickets for the Celebration!

Admission is $15 one day, $25  for a two day pass. BUT, if you purchase online, prior to the event, you get a 10% discount.

Select one of the options below to purchase your tickets:

Advanced ticket sales have ended for the 2014 event.

All pre-purchased tickets will be held at will-call at the front gate of the Celtic Celebration, under the name of the card holder. Valid receipt, card used to purchase and current state-issued ID will be required to pick-up tickets.

Children 12 & under are FREE with a paid attendee.  Tickets are purchased in advance or at the entrance to the event.